Mara nkewa nke karama, ịba uru, usoro eji eme ihe na ihe chọrọ nlebara anya

Mara nke nhazi ọkwa nke karama, ịba uru, usoro eji eme ihe na ihe chọrọ nlebara anya

Otu. nhazi ọkwa

Ikwuputa a na-ejikarị eji ya eme ihe nwere obere ite, mpempe akwụkwọ na mpempe akwụkwọ

Gburugburu ala ite

Okirikiri ala karama bụ transperent karama kara aka na * Tụkwasị na ala. Ọ bụ ihe a na-ejikarị kpo oku na mmeghachi omume arịa na nnwale kemịkal. Jiri flasks maka nnukwu mmiri mmiri na ule tub maka obere.

Ewepụghị ala ite

Ewepụghị ike karama n'ihi ewepụghị ike, mgbe kpo oku a ga-ewe iwe mkpumkpu, ya mere n'ozuzu ha adịghị eji dị ka a kpo oku chernobyl, na ewepụghị ike karama bụ adaba iji jide akpa ejikari maka mmeghachi omume enweghị kpo oku.

Ikuku distillation

Efere iko eji maka mmiri distillation ma ọ bụ fractionation. Ọ bụ mgbe eji condensing anwụrụ, mmiri mmiri na-anata anwụrụ na mmiri mmiri na-anata ngwaọrụ. Enwekwara ike ịgbakọta gas generator.

Abụọọ isi ojiji

1. Liquid-siri ike chernobyl ma ọ bụ mmiri mmiri na-mmiri mmiri chernobyl.

2. Chịkọta gas generator generator (nkịtị okpomọkụ, kpo oku).

3. Mmiri distillate ma ọ bụ nkewa nke na-eji flask distillation, nke bụ flask na ọkpọkọ alaka.

Atọ.Tọ isi iche

1. Ha dị iche iche

Gburugburu ala ite: ngwaọrụ nke obere iko tubes na-enweghị obere ala protrusion na olu nke kalama. Olu nke karama ahụ bụ ọkpọkọ kwụ ọtọ.

Akpụkpọ ụkwụ dị larịị: ọdịiche dị n’etiti ala dị larịị na nke ukwu gbara gburugburu bụ na ala dị larịị.

Na-ekesa ite: obere iko nke dị obere na-agbatị ala n'olu karama ahụ, jiri ya kpochapụ vapors ahụ, ebe ọ bụ na ọ dị mkpa maka ịgbanye mmiri mmiri. Na mgbakwunye na nke distillation karama kpo oku kwesịrị plọg kalama ọnụ, ga ọzọ tube si.

2. Ojiji di iche

Gburugburu ala karama: nwere ike ewe iwe ruo ogologo oge, mana a ga-etinye ya na ntupu asbestos. Enwere ike iji karama nwere okirikiri iji kpoo nnukwu mmiri mmiri n'ụzọ mechiri emechi, enwere ike iji ya maka nyocha mmiri.

Distillation karama: Akụkụ tube na olu, na-eji isi na distillation arụmọrụ.

Flask: Flask eji dị ka mmiri mmiri mmeghachi omume arịa na-adịghị achọ kpo oku n'ihi na ọ na-adị mfe ka ọ dịsi ike na kehoraizin n'elu ikpo okwu.

Anọ, Jiri usoro

(1) Àgwà ndị a na-ahụkarị

1  Senwere ike itinye ya na asbestos net kpo oku, nke mere na o na-ekpo oku obula; Mgbe ị na-ekpo ọkụ, mgbidi dị n'èzí nke flask kwesịrị ịbụ nke mmiri mmiri.

2  Enwere ike ghara iji flask mee ogologo oge iji kpoo ọkụ.

3  Mgbe anaghị ekpo ọkụ, ọ bụrụ na ejiri flask dị larịị mee ihe dị ka akpa mmeghachi omume, ọ dịghị mkpa iji ígwè ígwè dozie ya.

(2) àgwà

1. Okpokoro okirikiri nke gbara gburugburu

(1) Ala ọkpụrụkpụ nke gburugburu ala karama bụ edo, na ọ dịghị onu, nke ike-eji ogologo oge ike okpomọkụ ojiji.

(2) Mgbe ị na-ekpo ọkụ, a ga-etinye ite ahụ na net asbestos na enweghị ike iwe ya ọkụ site na ire ọkụ.

(3) Mgbe emechara nnwale ahụ, ọ bụrụ na e nwere catheter, a ga-ebu ụzọ wepụ catheter ahụ iji gbochie ịlaghachi azụ, mgbe ahụ, a ga-ewepụ isi iyi ọkụ ahụ, ma mgbe ọ jụrụ jụụ, a ga-agwọ ma kpochapụ mmiri mmiri ahụ.

(4) Mgbe ite ahụ kpụ ọkụ, ekwesịrị ịwụnye ụdọ asbestos, nke na-ekwesịghị ị gafere 1/2 nke olu ite ahụ (maka ụjọ na oke ngwọta dị mfe ịmịpụ mgbe ị na-esi ma ọ bụ nrụgide dị na karama ahụ) oke elu na ite ahụ gbawara).

2. Gbasaa flasks

(1) na mpe mpe akwa asbestos net mgbe kpo oku, nwekwara ike-ewe iwe na ndị ọzọ na-ekpo ọkụ saa. Mgbe ị na-ekpo ọkụ, mmiri mmiri ekwesịghị ịfe 2/3 nke olu ahụ, ọ bụghị ihe na-erughị 1/3 nke olu ahụ.

(2) Mgbe ị na-etinye ngwa (dịka thermometers, wdg), a ga-ahọrọ plọg roba kwesịrị ekwesị, ma tinye nlebara anya pụrụ iche iji chọpụta ma ikuku ikuku ọ dị mma.

(3) ọ kachasị mma ịgbakwunye obere zeolite (ma ọ bụ poselin agbajiri agbaji) na ala nke karama ahụ tupu distillation, iji gbochie esi.

(4) mgbe a ga-etinye ikpo oku na ụgbụ asbestos, nke mere na ọ na-ekpo ọkụ nke ọma.

(5) Mgbe distillation, pistin ga-emechi mbụ wee kwụsị kpo oku iji gbochie mmiri.

(6) Ọnọdụ nke Mercury bọl nke temometa n'oge distillation kwesịrị iwepụ ya na nsọtụ ala nke alaka ọkpọkọ ọnụ nke distillation flask.

Ise, Okwu chọrọ nlebara anya

1. Mmiri ogwu ogwu agaghị agafe 2/3 nke olu ya ma ọ bụghị ihe na-erughị 1/3 nke olu ya.

2. Mgbe ị na-ekpo ọkụ, jiri mesh asbestos kpoo ọkụ.

3. Distillation ma ọ bụ fractionation ga-eji na roba plọg, catheter, condenser, wdg

Huida nwere ọtụtụ afọ nke ahụmahụ na mmepụta na nhazi nke karama iko na ụlọ ọrụ dị elu ụkpụrụ. Ngwaahịa akara bụ ọgaranya na ike izute ihe ka n'ọnụ ọgụgụ nke iko karama ibuo ngwa. Bịa ma họrọ nri ngwaahịa gị ibuo ngwa.


Post oge: Jun-07-2021